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What is the Meaning of Christmas? Bible Story and Traditions

Meaning of Christmas

Christmas is a holiday celebrated by Christians around the world to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ. It is a time of joy, love, and giving. The origins of Christmas can be traced back to ancient times, with the celebration incorporating both religious and pagan traditions. In this article, we will explore the biblical story of Christmas and the various traditions associated with this festive season.

Key Takeaways

  • The birth of Jesus is the central event of Christmas.

  • Christmas combines elements of both Christian and pagan traditions.

  • Decorating the Christmas tree is a popular tradition.

  • Exchanging gifts is a way to show love and generosity.

  • Santa Claus is based on the legendary figure of St. Nicholas.

The Origins of Christmas

The Birth of Jesus

The birth of Jesus is a central event in the Christmas story. According to the Bible, Jesus was born in Bethlehem to Mary and Joseph. This miraculous birth is celebrated by Christians around the world as the incarnation of God's son. The birth of Jesus is a reminder of God's love and the hope he brings to humanity.


Key Points

Jesus was born in Bethlehem

Mary and Joseph were his parents

The birth of Jesus is considered a miraculous event


  • The birth of Jesus is a central event in the Christmas story

  • Christians celebrate the incarnation of God's son

  • Jesus' birth symbolizes God's love and hope for humanity

The Influence of Pagan Festivals

The celebration of Christmas as we know it today has been influenced by various pagan festivals and traditions. Pagan festivals were celebrated by ancient civilizations and often revolved around the winter solstice, which falls around the same time as Christmas. These festivals were a way to mark the end of the dark, cold winter and the return of longer days and the rebirth of nature.

One of the most significant pagan festivals that influenced Christmas is Saturnalia, a Roman festival dedicated to the god Saturn. It was celebrated from December 17th to 23rd and involved feasting, gift-giving, and the lighting of candles. Many of these traditions were incorporated into Christmas celebrations.

Another pagan festival that influenced Christmas is Yule, which was celebrated by the Germanic peoples. Yule was a midwinter festival that involved the burning of a Yule log, the decoration of evergreen trees, and the exchange of gifts. These traditions also found their way into Christmas celebrations.

It is important to note that the incorporation of pagan traditions into Christmas was a way for early Christians to attract and convert people who were already celebrating these festivals. By adopting some of the familiar customs and symbols, Christianity was able to establish Christmas as a Christian holiday.

The Establishment of Christmas as a Christian Holiday

The establishment of Christmas as a Christian holiday was a gradual process that took place over several centuries. In the early years of Christianity, the celebration of Jesus' birth was not a major focus. Instead, the emphasis was on his death and resurrection. However, as Christianity spread and gained more followers, the birth of Jesus began to be recognized as an important event. By the fourth century, the church had officially recognized December 25th as the date to celebrate the birth of Jesus. This date was chosen to coincide with existing pagan festivals, such as the Roman festival of Saturnalia and the celebration of the winter solstice. By adopting these dates, the church was able to incorporate elements of these pagan festivals into the celebration of Christmas, making it more appealing to non-Christian converts.

Over time, Christmas became more widely celebrated and developed its own unique traditions and customs. The focus shifted from the religious significance of the holiday to more secular aspects, such as gift-giving and festive decorations. Today, Christmas is celebrated by Christians and non-Christians alike, and it has become a significant cultural and commercial event around the world.

To summarize:

  • The establishment of Christmas as a Christian holiday took place over several centuries.

  • The church officially recognized December 25th as the date to celebrate the birth of Jesus in the fourth century.

  • The church adopted existing pagan festival dates to incorporate elements into the celebration of Christmas.

  • Christmas has evolved to include both religious and secular traditions, and it is celebrated globally.

Biblical Story of Christmas

The Annunciation to Mary

The Annunciation to Mary is a significant event in the biblical story of Christmas. It is the moment when the angel Gabriel appeared to Mary and announced that she would conceive a child by the Holy Spirit. This miraculous conception would result in the birth of Jesus, who would be the Savior of the world.

The Annunciation to Mary is a powerful demonstration of God's plan for salvation and the fulfillment of prophecies from the Old Testament. It showcases Mary's faith and obedience to God's will, as she humbly accepts her role in the divine plan.

Key Points:

  • The angel Gabriel appeared to Mary and announced the miraculous conception.

  • Mary's acceptance of God's plan demonstrates her faith and obedience.

  • The Annunciation to Mary fulfills prophecies from the Old Testament.

Note: The biblical account of the Annunciation to Mary can be found in the Gospel of Luke, chapter 1, verses 26-38.

The Journey to Bethlehem

The journey to Bethlehem was a significant part of the biblical story of Christmas. Mary and Joseph, who were engaged to be married, had to travel from their hometown of Nazareth to Bethlehem because of a census that was being conducted by the Roman government. This journey would have been challenging, especially for Mary who was pregnant. They likely traveled on foot or by donkey, enduring a long and arduous journey. The journey to Bethlehem symbolizes the humble beginnings of Jesus' life on earth.

During their journey, Mary and Joseph would have encountered other travelers making their way to Bethlehem for the census. The roads would have been crowded and the accommodations scarce. They relied on the kindness of strangers for shelter and support.

Once they arrived in Bethlehem, they faced another challenge - finding a place to stay. The town was crowded with other visitors, and there was no room for them in the inn. They were eventually offered a stable or a manger as a place to rest. This humble setting would become the birthplace of Jesus, the savior of the world.

The Birth of Jesus in a Manger

The birth of Jesus in a manger is a significant event in the biblical story of Christmas. According to the Gospel of Luke, Mary and Joseph traveled to Bethlehem for the census, but there was no room for them in the inn. As a result, Jesus was born in a humble manger, surrounded by animals.

This humble setting emphasizes the humility and simplicity of Jesus' birth. It serves as a reminder that Jesus came into the world not as a powerful ruler, but as a vulnerable and humble child. The manger symbolizes the contrast between the earthly expectations of a king and the divine nature of Jesus' mission.


Symbolism of the Manger





  • Jesus' birth in a manger highlights the importance of humility.

  • The manger represents the simplicity of Jesus' arrival.

  • It reminds us of the vulnerability of Jesus as a newborn.

The Visit of the Shepherds

After the birth of Jesus in a humble manger, an extraordinary event took place. Angels appeared to a group of shepherds who were tending their flocks in the fields. The heavenly beings proclaimed the good news of the birth of the Savior and directed the shepherds to go and see the newborn child.

The shepherds wasted no time and hurried to Bethlehem, filled with awe and wonder. They found Mary, Joseph, and the baby Jesus, just as the angels had said. Overwhelmed with joy, the shepherds shared their encounter with the heavenly messengers and praised God for the miracle they had witnessed.

This event holds great significance in the biblical story of Christmas. It symbolizes the inclusive nature of Jesus' birth, as the shepherds, who were considered lowly and marginalized in society, were among the first to receive the news and witness the miracle of the Savior's arrival.

To this day, the visit of the shepherds is celebrated as a reminder of the humble beginnings of Jesus and the universal message of love and redemption that Christmas represents.

The Visit of the Wise Men

After the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem in search of the newborn king. These wise men, also known as the Magi, had seen a star in the sky that they believed signified the birth of a great ruler. Guided by the star, they followed its path until it led them to the house where Jesus and his family were staying.

Upon finding Jesus, the wise men presented him with gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. These gifts were symbolic and carried deep meaning. Gold represented Jesus' kingship, frankincense symbolized his divinity, and myrrh foreshadowed his sacrificial death.

The visit of the wise men is significant as it demonstrates the recognition of Jesus' birth by people outside of the Jewish community. It also foreshadows the global impact of Jesus' ministry and the inclusion of all nations in the salvation he brings.

In summary, the visit of the wise men to Jesus after his birth in Bethlehem is a powerful reminder of the universal significance of Christmas and the recognition of Jesus as the long-awaited Messiah.

Christmas Traditions

Decorating the Christmas Tree

Decorating the Christmas tree is a beloved tradition that brings joy and excitement to many households. Families gather together to adorn the tree with ornaments, lights, and garlands. Each ornament holds special meaning and memories, whether it's a handmade creation or a cherished heirloom passed down through generations.

To create a beautifully decorated tree, consider the following tips:

  • Start with a sturdy and well-shaped tree that fits your space.

  • Choose a color scheme or theme for your decorations to create a cohesive look.

  • Hang ornaments of different sizes and shapes to add visual interest.

  • Place lights evenly throughout the tree, starting from the inside and working your way out.

  • Add garlands or ribbons for an extra touch of elegance.

Remember, the most important part of decorating the Christmas tree is the joy and togetherness it brings to your family. Enjoy the process and create lasting memories.

Exchanging Gifts

Exchanging gifts is a popular tradition during the Christmas season. It is a way for people to show their love and appreciation for one another. Gifts are carefully chosen to reflect the recipient's interests and preferences. Whether it's a small token of affection or a lavish present, the act of giving and receiving gifts brings joy and excitement to both the giver and the receiver.

In many cultures, gift-giving is associated with the story of the Three Wise Men who brought gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh to the baby Jesus. This tradition symbolizes the importance of generosity and sharing during the holiday season.

Some families have their own unique gift-giving traditions. For example, they may exchange handmade gifts or participate in a Secret Santa gift exchange where each person is assigned a recipient to buy a gift for. These traditions add a personal touch and create special memories for everyone involved.

Exchanging gifts is not just about the material value of the presents, but also about the thought and effort put into selecting them. It's a way to express love, gratitude, and goodwill towards others.

Christmas Carols and Music

Christmas carols and music play a significant role in the celebration of Christmas. Carols are traditional songs that are sung during the holiday season, often with religious themes. They are a way to express joy and celebrate the birth of Jesus. Music adds to the festive atmosphere and creates a sense of unity and togetherness.

One popular Christmas carol is Silent Night, which was composed in 1818 by Franz Xaver Gruber. It is a peaceful and reflective song that captures the essence of the silent night when Jesus was born. Another well-known carol is O Holy Night, which beautifully portrays the awe and wonder of the birth of Christ.

In addition to carols, instrumental music such as orchestral arrangements and piano renditions of Christmas songs are also enjoyed during the holiday season. These melodies create a warm and nostalgic ambiance, evoking feelings of joy, love, and hope.

Music is an integral part of Christmas traditions and brings people together in celebration.

Christmas Eve and Midnight Mass

Christmas Eve is a significant time for Christians around the world. It is the night before Christmas Day, when believers gather in churches to celebrate the birth of Jesus. Midnight Mass is a traditional service held at midnight on Christmas Eve, marking the beginning of Christmas Day. It is a time of reflection, prayer, and worship, as well as a joyful celebration of the birth of Christ.

During Midnight Mass, the church is often beautifully decorated with candles, flowers, and Christmas decorations. The service typically includes scripture readings, hymns, and a sermon. It is a solemn and reverent occasion, filled with a sense of anticipation and awe.

Attending Midnight Mass is a cherished tradition for many families. It is a time to come together with loved ones, to remember the true meaning of Christmas, and to celebrate the gift of Jesus' birth. It is a time to reflect on the significance of the nativity story and to renew one's faith.

As you attend Midnight Mass this Christmas Eve, take a moment to appreciate the beauty and symbolism of the service. Let the candlelight guide you in prayer and reflection, and allow the music and readings to touch your heart. May this sacred time deepen your connection to the true spirit of Christmas.

Christmas Feast and Special Foods

The Christmas feast is a time for families and friends to come together and celebrate the holiday season. It is a time of joy and abundance, with delicious food and special treats. Traditional Christmas foods vary from country to country, but some common dishes include:

  • Roast Turkey: A classic centerpiece for many Christmas dinners, roasted turkey is often served with stuffing, gravy, and cranberry sauce.

  • Christmas Ham: Another popular choice, Christmas ham is often glazed and served with a variety of sides.

  • Mince Pies: These sweet pastries filled with a mixture of dried fruits, spices, and sometimes alcohol are a staple of Christmas in many countries.

  • Christmas Pudding: A rich and dense dessert made with suet, breadcrumbs, dried fruits, and spices, often served with a flaming brandy sauce.

It is important to note that these are just a few examples, and the specific dishes may vary depending on cultural traditions and personal preferences.

Remember to savor the flavors and enjoy the company of loved ones during this special time of year!

Santa Claus and the Legend of St. Nicholas

The legend of St. Nicholas is closely associated with the modern-day figure of Santa Claus. St. Nicholas, also known as Nikolaos of Myra, was a Christian bishop who lived in the 4th century in what is now modern-day Turkey. He was known for his generosity and kindness, especially towards children and the poor.

One of the most famous stories about St. Nicholas is the tale of him secretly giving bags of gold to a poor man's three daughters, who were in danger of being sold into slavery. This act of kindness is said to have inspired the tradition of giving gifts during Christmas.

To honor the legacy of St. Nicholas, many countries celebrate his feast day on December 6th. In some cultures, children leave their shoes out on the night of December 5th, hoping that St. Nicholas will fill them with small gifts or treats.

The story of St. Nicholas and his acts of generosity have evolved over time to become the beloved figure of Santa Claus that we know today. Santa Claus is often depicted as a jolly man in a red suit who travels on a sleigh pulled by reindeer, delivering gifts to children around the world on Christmas Eve.

Advent Calendar and Advent Wreath

An Advent calendar is a special calendar used to count down the days until Christmas. It typically starts on December 1st and ends on December 24th. Each day, a door or window is opened to reveal a small gift or treat. This tradition originated in Germany in the 19th century and has since spread to many other countries.

The Advent wreath is another popular tradition associated with the Advent season. It consists of a wreath made of evergreen branches with four candles placed on it. Each candle represents one of the four weeks of Advent. On each Sunday of Advent, a candle is lit to symbolize the increasing anticipation of the birth of Jesus.

Here is a table summarizing the key elements of the Advent calendar and Advent wreath:

Advent Calendar

Advent Wreath

Countdown to Christmas

Symbol of anticipation

Small gifts or treats behind each door

Four candles representing the weeks of Advent

Originated in Germany in the 19th century

Wreath made of evergreen branches

Spread to many other countries

Lighting of a candle each Sunday

Remember to enjoy the process of counting down to Christmas with an Advent calendar and to reflect on the meaning of Advent with an Advent wreath.

Nativity Scenes and Christmas Displays

Nativity scenes and Christmas displays are a popular tradition during the holiday season. These displays depict the birth of Jesus in a manger and often include figures of Mary, Joseph, the baby Jesus, shepherds, and the Wise Men. They serve as a visual representation of the biblical story of Christmas and are commonly found in churches, homes, and public spaces.

One of the main purposes of nativity scenes and Christmas displays is to remind people of the true meaning of Christmas. They help to create a sense of awe and wonder, allowing individuals to reflect on the significance of Jesus' birth and the message of hope and salvation that it brings.

In addition to their religious significance, nativity scenes and Christmas displays also add a festive and decorative element to the holiday season. Many people enjoy setting up these displays as part of their Christmas decorations, using them to create a warm and inviting atmosphere in their homes.

It is important to note that nativity scenes and Christmas displays can vary in size and complexity. Some may be simple and modest, while others may be elaborate and detailed. Regardless of their design, these displays continue to be cherished and appreciated by individuals of all ages as a symbol of the Christmas story and the joyous celebration of Jesus' birth.


In conclusion, the meaning of Christmas is deeply rooted in the Bible story and celebrated through various traditions. It is a time to reflect on the birth of Jesus Christ and the message of love, hope, and redemption that he brought to the world. Through the exchange of gifts, the gathering of loved ones, and the spreading of joy and goodwill, Christmas serves as a reminder of the importance of faith, family, and community. Whether it is through attending church services, participating in nativity plays, or engaging in acts of charity, the true meaning of Christmas lies in embracing the spirit of giving, kindness, and gratitude. So as we celebrate this festive season, let us remember the true essence of Christmas and carry its message of love and peace throughout the year.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the true meaning of Christmas?

The true meaning of Christmas is the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ, who Christians believe is the Son of God and the savior of the world.

When was Jesus actually born?

The exact date of Jesus' birth is unknown. However, Christmas is celebrated on December 25th as the traditional date of his birth.

Why is Christmas celebrated on December 25th?

December 25th was chosen as the date to celebrate Christmas to coincide with the pagan winter solstice festivals that were already being celebrated. It was a way for early Christians to incorporate and replace these pagan traditions with the celebration of Jesus' birth.

What is the significance of the Annunciation to Mary?

The Annunciation to Mary is the event where the angel Gabriel appeared to Mary and announced that she would conceive and give birth to Jesus, the Son of God. It is a significant event in the biblical story of Christmas as it marks the beginning of Jesus' earthly life.

Why was Jesus born in a manger?

Jesus was born in a manger because there was no room for him and his parents, Mary and Joseph, in the inn. The manger, which is a feeding trough for animals, served as his makeshift crib.

Who were the shepherds that visited Jesus?

The shepherds were local Jewish shepherds who were tending their flocks in the fields near Bethlehem. They were visited by an angel who informed them of Jesus' birth, and they went to see him and worship him.

Who were the wise men that visited Jesus?

The wise men, also known as the Magi or the Three Kings, were astrologers or scholars from the East who followed a star that led them to Jesus. They brought him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.

What is the origin of the Christmas tree?

The origin of the Christmas tree can be traced back to ancient pagan traditions, where evergreen trees symbolized life and fertility. Christians later adopted the practice and began decorating trees as part of their Christmas celebrations.


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